The Research information Network has just published a new guide to how the peer review system works. It looks at how it has changed in recent years with technological advances such as the Internet, and how it is likely to develop in future years.
Peer review: a guide for researchers sets out the processes involved in peer review for both research grant applications and publications. It also looks at the issues that have been raised in a series of recent reports on the costs of the system, and how effective and fair it is. This publication, and many other useful publications, are available for free from the RIN website.